Recovery, Renewal, Resilience

Lessons for Resilience

Consider recovery and renewal strategies that build multi-hazard resilience
Governance of delivering recovery and renewal

The proliferation of concurrent disasters (including natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and technological threats), alongside COVID-19, highlights the need for recovery and renewal strategies that tackle the multiple hazards facing society. Croatia’s National Recovery Plan considers both the lessons learned by the COVID-19 crisis and the earthquake experienced in 2020. Consider some of Croatia’s recovery and resilience strategies:

Economy, education, the environment & research

  • Introduce new labour market policies that focus on building green and digital skills, and specifically target vulnerable groups
  • Recognise the economic value of the culture and tourism industries through targeted investment
  • Review the social welfare system, establish new social services, and implement measures that increase “coverage, adequacy, and targeting of social benefits”
  • Reform the education system by updating school curricula, “increase access to early childhood education and care, and implement single-shift, full-day teaching”
  • Establish partnerships between universities, research centres, and the private sector, to inform the development of context specific risk management strategies through collaborative research and action

Digitalization of government

  • Decentralise governance practices, to simplify and increase the efficiency of local government systems
  • Increase the use of ICT in statutory agencies (e.g. health care and judiciary systems)
  • Implement community outreach services, to promote and integrate resilience building activities at the local level


  • Targeted investment in repair and reconstruction of infrastructure impacted by the earthquake and COVID-19, both public and private, including local heritage sites
  • Regulate, create, or change local building regulations, codes of practice and requirements for infrastructure, to consider the needs of a multi-hazard management approach
  • Improve the water and waste management system through strategies that focus on the environment and transitioning to a circular economy
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