Recovery, Renewal, Resilience

Lessons for Resilience

Consider post-COVID solutions to climate change that are people-led, community-focused, and nature-based
Environmental health

Concurrent incidents during the COVID-19 pandemic, such as locus swarms destroying farms in Africa, forest fires devastating the US, flooding in the UK, show us that climate change actions are crucial when considering renewal strategies. Communities that are more vulnerable to natural disasters are disproportionately challenged during a pandemic. Natural climate solutions protect and restore nature, which can help mitigation of (and adaption to) the impacts of climate change, e.g. coastal wetland can defend communities from storm surge and sea level rise, well-managed forests can protect water supplies, reduce wildfire risk and prevent landslides. Consider:

  • Raise awareness locally of the value and potential benefits of nature-based solutions for communities in mitigating risks of future natural disasters
  • Engage with local businesses as potential sponsors of nature-based solutions
  • Establish a volunteering scheme with employees of local businesses to support nature-based initiatives
    • Partner with local voluntary groups and community based organisations to establish community-led conservation efforts
    • Establish a 'plant a tree initiative', to build and enhance local forestry
    • Encourage roof top gardens and balcony gardens - create online gardening tutorials for creating mini urban gardens
  • Work with local land owners to identify appropriate actions that support nature-based approaches, e.g. planting marram grass to stabilise sand dunes or peatland restoration
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Consider how to meet the humanitarian needs of migrants and refugees
Vulnerable people

Migrants and refugees face a multitude of health and safety challenges that have been intensified by the pandemic, such as: losing employment and income; eviction and homelessness; and lack of access to 'safety net' support. In addition, some countries have temporarily suspended issuing residency permits, leaving people with irregular status in their country of asylum and further impacting their access to employment and social services. To support migrants and refugees, consider:

  • Participate in national resettlement programmes (e.g. SRP UK) to guide preparations, ongoing support and integration of migrants and refugees into local communities
  • Establish a working group to enable collaborative working between local councils, community groups and related agencies to determine how local authorities can meet legislative requirements of resettlement programmes
  • Inform and prepare local communities where migrants and refugees are to be resettled
  • Identify registered and unregistered refugee populations in communities
  • Conduct risk and vulnerability assessment mapping
  • Include migrants and refugees in social protection schemes to support those who have lost income generating opportunities
  • How systems will protect migrants and refugees from harm, irrespective of their status, with access to essential health and social care
  • Agree that immigration status is not a legitimate basis to deny access to essential public services (e.g. healthcare, vaccination), and communicate this to public services, migrant and refugee populations, and wider groups
  • Invest in risk communication and community engagement at local levels to disseminate information in the relevant languages of migrants and refugees
  • Partner with humanitarian actors to provide services
  • Establish humanitarian service points or 'safe spaces' which are not subject to immigration enforcement activities, where humanitarian actors can provide essential services to vulnerable migrants
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Consider how to adopt or accelerate measures to digitize economies to provide safer, more inclusive financial mechanisms
Economic strategy


  • How digitization can facilitate capacity for longer-term economic recovery. For example, in Nigeria, Egypt, and South Africa, increased migration from cash to digital transactions has resulted in more account-to-account transfers and e-commerce sales which boosts economic activity and maintains social distancing
  • The role of digital-payment platforms in increasing financial inclusion outside of traditional banking systems e.g. in Togo through cash transfers that disburse social welfare payments through mobiles
  • Collaboration with banks and non-bank payments players to restructure transaction fees and limits to encourage digital payments
  • Promoting easier access to digital-payment tools e.g. the Ghanaian government eased account-opening regulations
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